view texi2dvi @ 2957:17c69c89fe93

[project @ 1997-05-09 18:43:21 by jwe]
author jwe
date Fri, 09 May 1997 18:43:21 +0000
parents 6914eab16f0b
children 6929a31e7624
line wrap: on
line source

#! /bin/sh
# texi2dvi --- smartly produce DVI files from texinfo sources

# Copyright (C) 1992, 93, 94, 95, 96 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

# $Id: texi2dvi,v 1.2 1996-11-14 20:48:14 jwe Exp $

# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
# any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, you can either send email to this
# program's maintainer or write to: The Free Software Foundation,
# Inc.; 59 Temple Place, Suite 330; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

# Commentary:

# Author: Noah Friedman <>

# Please send bug reports, etc. to
# If possible, please send a copy of the output of the script called with
# the `--debug' option when making a bug report.

# In the interest of general portability, some common bourne shell
# constructs were avoided because they weren't guaranteed to be available
# in some earlier implementations.  I've tried to make this program as
# portable as possible.  Welcome to unix, where the lowest common
# denominator is rapidly diminishing.
# Among the more interesting lossages I noticed with some bourne shells
# are:
#     * No shell functions.
#     * No `unset' builtin.
#     * `shift' cannot take a numeric argument, and signals an error if
#       there are no arguments to shift.

# Code:

# Name by which this script was invoked.
progname=`echo "$0" | sed -e 's/[^\/]*\///g'`

# This string is expanded by rcs automatically when this file is checked out.
rcs_revision='$Revision: 1.2 $'
version=`set - $rcs_revision; echo $2`

# To prevent hairy quoting and escaping later.

usage="Usage: $0 [OPTION]... FILE...
Run a Texinfo document through TeX.

-D, --debug          Turn on shell debugging ($bq${bq}set -x$eq$eq).
-t, --texinfo CMD    Insert CMD after @setfilename before running TeX.
--verbose            Report on what is done.
-h, --help           Display this help and exit.
-v, --version        Display version information and exit.

The values of the TEX, TEXINDEX, and MAKEINFO environment variables are
used to run those commands, if they are set.

Email bug reports to

# Initialize variables.
# Don't use `unset' since old bourne shells don't have this command.
# Instead, assign them an empty value.
# Some of these, like TEX and TEXINDEX, may be inherited from the environment.
backup_extension=.bak # these files get deleted if all goes well.

# Save this so we can construct a new TEXINPUTS path for each file.

# Parse command line arguments.
# Make sure that all wildcarded options are long enough to be unambiguous.
# It's a good idea to document the full long option name in each case.
# Long options which take arguments will need a `*' appended to the
# canonical name to match the value appended after the `=' character.
while : ; do
  case $# in 0) break ;; esac
  case "$1" in
    -D | --debug | --d* ) debug=t; shift ;;
    -h | --help | --h* )   echo "$usage"; exit 0 ;;
    # OK, we should do real option parsing here, but be lazy for now.
    -t | --texinfo | --t*) shift; textra="$textra $1"; shift ;; 
    -v | --vers* )
      echo "$progname (Texinfo 3.9) $version"
      echo "Copyright (C) 1996 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
There is NO warranty.  You may redistribute this software
under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
For more information about these matters, see the files named COPYING."
      exit 0 ;;
    --verb* )            verbose=echo; shift ;;
    -- )     # Stop option processing
    -* )
      case "$1" in
        --*=* ) arg=`echo "$1" | sed -e 's/=.*//'` ;;
        * )     arg="$1" ;;
      exec 1>&2
      echo "$progname: Unknown or ambiguous option $bq$arg$eq."
      echo "$progname: Try $bq--help$eq for more information."
      exit 1
    * )

# See if there are any command line args left (which will be interpreted as
# filename arguments).
if test $# -eq 0; then
  exec 1>&2
  echo "$progname: At least one file name is required as an argument."
  echo "$progname: Try $bq--help$eq for more information."
  exit 2

test "$debug" = t && set -x

# Texify files
for command_line_filename in ${1+"$@"} ; do
  $verbose "Processing $command_line_filename ..."

  # See if file exists.  If it doesn't we're in trouble since, even
  # though the user may be able to reenter a valid filename at the tex
  # prompt (assuming they're attending the terminal), this script won't
  # be able to find the right index files and so forth.
  if test ! -r "${command_line_filename}" ; then
    echo "$0: Could not read ${command_line_filename}." >&2

  # Roughly equivalent to `dirname ...`, but more portable
  directory="`echo ${command_line_filename} | sed 's/\/[^\/]*$//'`"
  filename_texi="`basename ${command_line_filename}`"
  # Strip off the last extension part (probably .texinfo or .texi)
  filename_noext="`echo ${filename_texi} | sed 's/\.[^.]*$//'`"

  # Use same basename since we want to generate aux files with the same
  # basename as the manual.  Use extension .texi for the temp file so
  # that TeX will ignore it.  Thus, we must use a subdirectory.
  # Output the macro-expanded file to here.
  # Output the file with the user's extra commands to here.
  mkdir $tmp_dir $tmp_dir.2

  # If directory and file are the same, then it's probably because there's
  # no pathname component.  Set dirname to `.', the current directory.
  if test "z${directory}" = "z${command_line_filename}" ; then

  # Source file might @include additional texinfo sources.  Put `.' and
  # directory where source file(s) reside in TEXINPUTS before anything
  # else.  `.' goes first to ensure that any old .aux, .cps, etc. files in
  # ${directory} don't get used in preference to fresher files in `.'.
  makeinfo_inputs="-I`echo $TEXINPUTS | sed 's,:, -I,g'`"

  # Expand macro commands in the original source file using Makeinfo;
  #   the macro syntax bfox implemented is impossible to implement in TeX.
  # Always use `end' footnote style, since the `separate' style
  #   generates different output (arguably this is a bug in -E).
  # Discard main info output, the user asked to run TeX, not makeinfo.
  # Redirect output to /dev/null to throw away `Making info file...' msg.
  $verbose "Macro-expanding $command_line_filename to $filename_tmp ..."
  $makeinfo $makeinfo_inputs --footnote-style=end -E $filename_tmp \
    -o /dev/null $command_line_filename >/dev/null

  # But if there were no macros, or makeinfo failed for some reason,
  # just use the original file.  (It shouldn't make any difference, but
  # let's be safe.)
  if test $? -ne 0 || cmp -s $filename_tmp $command_line_filename; then
    $verbose "Reverting to $command_line_filename ..."

  # Used most commonly for @finalout, @smallbook, etc.
  if test -n "$textra"; then
    $verbose "Inserting extra commands: $textra."
    sed '/^@setfilename/a\
'"$textra" $filename_input >$filename_tmp2

  while true; do # will break out of loop below
    # "Unset" variables that might have values from previous iterations and
    # which won't be completely reset later.

    # Find all files having root filename with a two-letter extension,
    # determine whether they're really index files, and save them.  Foo.aux
    # is actually the cross-references file, but we need to keep track of
    # that too.
    possible_index_files="`eval echo ${filename_noext}.?? ${filename_noext}.aux`"
    for this_file in ${possible_index_files} ; do
       # If file is empty, forget it.
       test -s "${this_file}" || continue

       # Examine first character of file.  If it's not suitable to be an
       # index or xref file, don't process it.
       first_character="`sed -n '1s/^\(.\).*$/\1/p;q' ${this_file}`"
       if test "x${first_character}" = "x\\" \
          || test "x${first_character}" = "x'"; then
         definite_index_files="${definite_index_files} ${this_file}"
    orig_index_files_sans_aux="`echo ${definite_index_files} \
                                 | sed 's/'${filename_noext}'\.aux//;
                                        s/^[ ]*//;s/[ ]*$//;'`"

    # Now save copies of original index files so we have some means of
    # comparison later.
    $verbose "Backing up current index files: $orig_index_files ..."  
    for index_file_to_save in ${orig_index_files} ; do
      cp "${index_file_to_save}" "${index_file_to_save}${backup_extension}"

    # Run texindex on current index files.  If they already exist, and
    # after running TeX a first time the index files don't change, then
    # there's no reason to run TeX again.  But we won't know that if the
    # index files are out of date or nonexistent.
    if test -n "${orig_index_files_sans_aux}" ; then
       $verbose "Running $texindex $orig_index_files_sans_aux ..."
       ${texindex} ${orig_index_files_sans_aux}

    # Finally, run TeX.
    $verbose "Running $tex $filename_input ..."
    ${tex} "$filename_input"

    # Check if index files changed.
    # Get list of new index files.
    possible_index_files="`eval echo ${filename_noext}.?? ${filename_noext}.aux`"
    for this_file in ${possible_index_files} ; do
       # If file is empty, forget it.
       test -s "${this_file}" || continue

       # Examine first character of file.  If it's not a backslash or
       # single quote, then it's definitely not an index or xref file.
       # (Will have to check for @ when we switch to Texinfo syntax in
       # all these files...)
       first_character="`sed -n '1s/^\(.\).*$/\1/p;q' ${this_file}`"
       if test "x${first_character}" = "x\\" \
          || test "x${first_character}" = "x'"; then
         definite_index_files="${definite_index_files} ${this_file}"
    new_index_files_sans_aux="`echo ${definite_index_files} \
                               | sed 's/'${filename_noext}'\.aux//;
                                      s/^[ ]*//;s/[ ]*$//;'`"

    # If old and new list don't at least have the same file list, then one
    # file or another has definitely changed.
    $verbose "Original index files =$orig_index_files"
    $verbose "New index files =$new_index_files"
    if test "z${orig_index_files}" != "z${new_index_files}" ; then
      # File list is the same.  We must compare each file until we find a
      # difference.
      for this_file in ${new_index_files} ; do
        $verbose "Comparing index file $this_file ..."
        # cmp -s will return nonzero exit status if files differ.
        cmp -s "${this_file}" "${this_file}${backup_extension}"
        if test $? -ne 0 ; then
          # We only need to keep comparing until we find *one* that
          # differs, because we'll have to run texindex & tex no
          # matter what.
          $verbose "Index file $this_file differed:"
          test $verbose = echo \
          && diff -c "${this_file}${backup_extension}" "${this_file}"

    # If index files have changed since TeX has been run, or if the aux
    # file wasn't present originally, run texindex and TeX again.
    if test "${index_files_changed_p}" ; then :; else
      # Nothing changed.  We're done with TeX.

  # Generate list of files to delete, then call rm once with the entire
  # list.  This is significantly faster than multiple executions of rm.
  for file in ${orig_index_files} ; do
    file_list="${file_list} ${file}${backup_extension}"
  if test -n "${file_list}" ; then
    $verbose "Removing $file_list $tmp_dir $tmp_dir.2 ..."
    rm -f ${file_list}
    rm -rf $tmp_dir $tmp_dir.2

$verbose "$0 done."
true # exit successfully.

# texi2dvi ends here
# $Log: texi2dvi,v $
# Revision 1.2  1996-11-14 20:48:14  jwe
# *** empty log message ***
# Revision 1.1  1996/11/14 20:42:03  jwe
# *** empty log message ***
# Revision 1.10  1996/10/04 18:21:55  karl
# Include only the current year in the copyright message.
# Revision 1.9  1996/10/04 11:49:48  karl
# Exit successfully.  From arnold.
# Revision 1.8  1996/10/03 23:14:26  karl
# Only show diff if verbose.
# Update version number.
# Revision 1.7  1996/09/29 22:56:08  karl
# Use $progname instead of $0 for --version.
# Revision 1.6  1996/09/28 21:01:23  karl
# Recompute original index files each time through loop.
# Make indentation uniform.
# Use same basename for the temp input files.
# Standardize --version output.
# Revision 1.5  1996/09/26 14:46:34  karl
# (texi2dvi): Run TeX until the aux/index files stabilize, instead of just
# twice.  From: David Shaw <>.
# Revision 1.4  1996/08/27 18:59:26  karl
# Include bug reporting address.
# Revision 1.3  1996/07/26 18:20:56  karl
# Do macro expansion with makeinfo before running TeX.
# Various expansion safety measures added for test; avoid use of -o.