view scripts/geometry/voronoi.m @ 15489:481417a57a2d

improve sign and signbit docs * mappers.cc (Fsign): Note sign (-0) is 0. Add @seealso for signbit. (Fsignbit): Add @seealso for sign.
author John W. Eaton <jwe@octave.org>
date Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:20:59 -0400
parents b99c52303d0b
children
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## Copyright (C) 2000-2012 Kai Habel
##
## This file is part of Octave.
##
## Octave is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
## under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
## your option) any later version.
##
## Octave is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
## WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
## General Public License for more details.
##
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with Octave; see the file COPYING.  If not, see
## <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

## -*- texinfo -*-
## @deftypefn  {Function File} {} voronoi (@var{x}, @var{y})
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {} voronoi (@var{x}, @var{y}, @var{options})
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {} voronoi (@dots{}, "linespec")
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {} voronoi (@var{hax}, @dots{})
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {@var{h} =} voronoi (@dots{})
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {[@var{vx}, @var{vy}] =} voronoi (@dots{})
## Plot the Voronoi diagram of points @code{(@var{x}, @var{y})}.
## The Voronoi facets with points at infinity are not drawn.
## 
## If "linespec" is given it is used to set the color and line style of the
## plot.  If an axis graphics handle @var{hax} is supplied then the Voronoi
## diagram is drawn on the specified axis rather than in a new figure.
##
## The @var{options} argument, which must be a string or cell array of strings,
## contains options passed to the underlying qhull command.
## See the documentation for the Qhull library for details
## @url{http://www.qhull.org/html/qh-quick.htm#options}.
##
## If a single output argument is requested then the Voronoi diagram will be
## plotted and a graphics handle @var{h} to the plot is returned.
## [@var{vx}, @var{vy}] = voronoi (@dots{}) returns the Voronoi vertices
## instead of plotting the diagram.
##
## @example
## @group
## x = rand (10, 1);
## y = rand (size (x));
## h = convhull (x, y);
## [vx, vy] = voronoi (x, y);
## plot (vx, vy, "-b", x, y, "o", x(h), y(h), "-g");
## legend ("", "points", "hull");
## @end group
## @end example
##
## @seealso{voronoin, delaunay, convhull}
## @end deftypefn

## Author: Kai Habel <kai.habel@gmx.de>
## First Release: 20/08/2000

## 2002-01-04 Paul Kienzle <pkienzle@users.sf.net>
## * limit the default graph to the input points rather than the whole diagram
## * provide example
## * use unique(x,"rows") rather than __unique_rows__

## 2003-12-14 Rafael Laboissiere <rafael@laboissiere.net>
## Added optional fourth argument to pass options to the underlying
## qhull command

function [vx, vy] = voronoi (varargin)

  if (nargin < 1)
    print_usage ();
  endif

  narg = 1;
  if (isscalar (varargin{1}) && ishandle (varargin{1}))
    handl = varargin{1};
    if (! strcmp (get (handl, "type"), "axes"))
      error ("voronoi: expecting first argument to be an axes object");
    endif
    narg++;
  elseif (nargout < 2)
    handl = gca ();
  endif

  if (nargin < 1 + narg || nargin > 3 + narg)
    print_usage ();
  endif

  x = varargin{narg++};
  y = varargin{narg++};

  opts = {};
  if (narg <= nargin)
    if (iscell (varargin{narg}))
      opts = varargin(narg++);
    elseif (isnumeric (varargin{narg}))
      ## Accept, but ignore, the triangulation
      narg++;
    endif
  endif

  linespec = {"b"};
  if (narg <= nargin && ischar (varargin{narg}))
    linespec = varargin(narg);
  endif

  if (length (x) != length (y))
    error ("voronoi: X and Y must be vectors of the same length");
  endif

  ## Add box to approximate rays to infinity. For Voronoi diagrams the
  ## box can (and should) be close to the points themselves. To make the
  ## job of finding the exterior edges it should be at least two times the
  ## delta below however
  xmax = max (x(:));
  xmin = min (x(:));
  ymax = max (y(:));
  ymin = min (y(:));
  xdelta = xmax - xmin;
  ydelta = ymax - ymin;
  scale = 2;

  xbox = [xmin - scale * xdelta; xmin - scale * xdelta; ...
          xmax + scale * xdelta; xmax + scale * xdelta];
  ybox = [ymin - scale * ydelta; ymax + scale * ydelta; ...
          ymax + scale * ydelta; ymin - scale * ydelta];

  [p, c, infi] = __voronoi__ ("voronoi",
                              [[x(:) ; xbox(:)], [y(:); ybox(:)]],
                              opts{:});

  c = c(! infi).';
  ## Delete null entries which cause problems in next cellfun function
  c(cellfun ("isempty", c)) = [];
  edges = cell2mat (cellfun (@(x) [x ; [x(end), x(1:end-1)]], c,
                             "uniformoutput", false));

  ## Identify the unique edges of the Voronoi diagram
  edges = sortrows (sort (edges).').';
  edges = edges(:, [(edges(1, 1 :end - 1) != edges(1, 2 : end) | ...
                     edges(2, 1 :end - 1) != edges(2, 2 : end)), true]);

  ## Eliminate the edges of the diagram representing the box
  poutside = (1:rows (p)) ...
      (p(:, 1) < xmin - xdelta | p(:, 1) > xmax + xdelta | ...
       p(:, 2) < ymin - ydelta | p(:, 2) > ymax + ydelta);
  edgeoutside = ismember (edges(1, :), poutside) & ...
                ismember (edges(2, :), poutside);
  edges(:, edgeoutside) = [];

  ## Get points of the diagram
  Vvx = reshape (p(edges, 1), size (edges));
  Vvy = reshape (p(edges, 2), size (edges));

  if (nargout < 2)
    h = plot (handl, Vvx, Vvy, linespec{:}, x, y, '+');
    lim = [xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax];
    axis (lim + 0.1 * [[-1, 1] * xdelta, [-1, 1] * ydelta]);
    if (nargout == 1)
      vx = h;
    endif
  else
    vx = Vvx;
    vy = Vvy;
  endif

endfunction


%!demo
%! voronoi (rand (10,1), rand (10,1));

%!testif HAVE_QHULL
%! phi = linspace (-pi, 3/4*pi, 8);
%! [x,y] = pol2cart (phi, 1);
%! [vx,vy] = voronoi (x,y);
%! assert (vx(2,:), zeros (1, columns (vx)), eps);
%! assert (vy(2,:), zeros (1, columns (vy)), eps);

%% FIXME: Need input validation tests