view scripts/testfun/demo.m @ 15521:bcace51598ed

Improve demo() to warn when an input function does not exist. * demo.m: Check return code from test to see whether function exists and issue a warning if it does not. * test.m: Return -1 for second retval when grabdemo option given and function does not exist.
author Rik <rik@octave.org>
date Sun, 14 Oct 2012 20:18:22 -0700
parents dda73cb60ac5
children
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## Copyright (C) 2000-2012 Paul Kienzle
##
## This file is part of Octave.
##
## Octave is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
## under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
## your option) any later version.
##
## Octave is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
## WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
## General Public License for more details.
##
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with Octave; see the file COPYING.  If not, see
## <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

## -*- texinfo -*-
## @deftypefn  {Command} {} demo @var{name}
## @deftypefnx {Command} {} demo @var{name} @var{n}
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {} demo ("@var{name}")
## @deftypefnx {Function File} {} demo ("@var{name}", @var{n})
##
## Run example code block @var{n} associated with the function @var{name}.
## If @var{n} is not specified, all examples are run.
##
## Examples are stored in the script file, or in a file with the same
## name but no extension located on Octave's load path.  To keep examples
## separate from regular script code, all lines are prefixed by @code{%!}.  Each
## example must also be introduced by the keyword 'demo' flush left to the
## prefix with no intervening spaces.  The remainder of the example can
## contain arbitrary Octave code.  For example:
##
## @example
## @group
## %!demo
## %! t = 0:0.01:2*pi;
## %! x = sin (t);
## %! plot (t, x);
## %! %-------------------------------------------------
## %! % the figure window shows one cycle of a sine wave
## @end group
## @end example
##
## Note that the code is displayed before it is executed, so a simple
## comment at the end suffices for labeling what is being shown.  It is
## generally not necessary to use @code{disp} or @code{printf} within the demo.
##
## Demos are run in a function environment with no access to external
## variables.  This means that every demo must have separate initialization
## code.  Alternatively, all demos can be combined into a single large demo
## with the code
##
## @example
## %! input("Press <enter> to continue: ","s");
## @end example
##
## @noindent
## between the sections, but this is discouraged.  Other techniques
## to avoid multiple initialization blocks include using multiple plots
## with a new @code{figure} command between each plot, or using @code{subplot}
## to put multiple plots in the same window.
##
## Also, because demo evaluates within a function context, you cannot
## define new functions inside a demo.  If you must have function blocks,
## rather than just anonymous functions or inline functions, you will have to
## use @code{eval (example ("function",n))} to see them.  Because eval only
## evaluates one line, or one statement if the statement crosses
## multiple lines, you must wrap your demo in "if 1 <demo stuff> endif"
## with the 'if' on the same line as 'demo'.  For example:
##
## @example
## @group
## %!demo if 1
## %!  function y=f(x)
## %!    y=x;
## %!  endfunction
## %!  f(3)
## %! endif
## @end group
## @end example
##
## @seealso{test, example}
## @end deftypefn

## FIXME: modify subplot so that gnuplot_has_multiplot == 0 causes it to
## use the current figure window but pause if not plotting in the
## first subplot.

function demo (name, n)

  if (nargin < 1 || nargin > 2)
    print_usage ();
  endif

  if (nargin < 2)
    n = 0;
  elseif (ischar (n))
    n = str2double (n);
  endif

  [code, idx] = test (name, "grabdemo");

  if (idx == -1)
    warning ("no function %s found", name);
    return;
  elseif (isempty (idx))
    warning ("no demo available for %s", name);
    return;
  elseif (n >= length (idx))
    warning ("only %d demos available for %s", length (idx) - 1, name);
    return;
  endif

  if (n > 0)
    doidx = n;
  else
    doidx = 1:(length (idx) - 1);
  endif
  for i = 1:length (doidx)
    ## Pause between demos
    if (i > 1)
      input ("Press <enter> to continue: ", "s");
    endif

    ## Process each demo without failing
    try
      block = code(idx(doidx(i)):idx(doidx(i)+1)-1);
      ## Use an environment without variables
      eval (cstrcat ("function __demo__ ()\n", block, "\nendfunction"));
      ## Display the code that will be executed before executing it
      printf ("%s example %d:%s\n\n", name, doidx(i), block);
      __demo__;
    catch
      ## Let the programmer know which demo failed.
      printf ("%s example %d: failed\n%s\n", name, doidx(i), lasterr ());
    end_try_catch
    clear __demo__;
  endfor

endfunction


%!demo
%! t = 0:0.01:2*pi;
%! x = sin (t);
%! plot (t, x);
%! %-------------------------------------------------
%! % the figure window shows one cycle of a sine wave

%!error demo ()
%!error demo (1, 2, 3)