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day08: replace static foreach with workaround

author | Jordi Gutiérrez Hermoso <jordigh@octave.org> |
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date | Tue, 16 Jan 2018 11:28:55 -0500 |

parents | 049fb8e56025 |

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--- Day 15: Dueling Generators --- Here, you encounter a pair of dueling generators. The generators, called generator A and generator B, are trying to agree on a sequence of numbers. However, one of them is malfunctioning, and so the sequences don't always match. As they do this, a judge waits for each of them to generate its next value, compares the lowest 16 bits of both values, and keeps track of the number of times those parts of the values match. The generators both work on the same principle. To create its next value, a generator will take the previous value it produced, multiply it by a factor (generator A uses 16807; generator B uses 48271), and then keep the remainder of dividing that resulting product by 2147483647. That final remainder is the value it produces next. To calculate each generator's first value, it instead uses a specific starting value as its "previous value" (as listed in your puzzle input). For example, suppose that for starting values, generator A uses 65, while generator B uses 8921. Then, the first five pairs of generated values are: --Gen. A-- --Gen. B-- 1092455 430625591 1181022009 1233683848 245556042 1431495498 1744312007 137874439 1352636452 285222916 In binary, these pairs are (with generator A's value first in each pair): 00000000000100001010101101100111 00011001101010101101001100110111 01000110011001001111011100111001 01001001100010001000010110001000 00001110101000101110001101001010 01010101010100101110001101001010 01100111111110000001011011000111 00001000001101111100110000000111 01010000100111111001100000100100 00010001000000000010100000000100 Here, you can see that the lowest (here, rightmost) 16 bits of the third value match: 1110001101001010. Because of this one match, after processing these five pairs, the judge would have added only 1 to its total. To get a significant sample, the judge would like to consider 40 million pairs. (In the example above, the judge would eventually find a total of 588 pairs that match in their lowest 16 bits.) After 40 million pairs, what is the judge's final count? Your puzzle answer was 626. --- Part Two --- In the interest of trying to align a little better, the generators get more picky about the numbers they actually give to the judge. They still generate values in the same way, but now they only hand a value to the judge when it meets their criteria: Generator A looks for values that are multiples of 4. Generator B looks for values that are multiples of 8. Each generator functions completely independently: they both go through values entirely on their own, only occasionally handing an acceptable value to the judge, and otherwise working through the same sequence of values as before until they find one. The judge still waits for each generator to provide it with a value before comparing them (using the same comparison method as before). It keeps track of the order it receives values; the first values from each generator are compared, then the second values from each generator, then the third values, and so on. Using the example starting values given above, the generators now produce the following first five values each: --Gen. A-- --Gen. B-- 1352636452 1233683848 1992081072 862516352 530830436 1159784568 1980017072 1616057672 740335192 412269392 These values have the following corresponding binary values: 01010000100111111001100000100100 01001001100010001000010110001000 01110110101111001011111010110000 00110011011010001111010010000000 00011111101000111101010001100100 01000101001000001110100001111000 01110110000001001010100110110000 01100000010100110001010101001000 00101100001000001001111001011000 00011000100100101011101101010000 Unfortunately, even though this change makes more bits similar on average, none of these values' lowest 16 bits match. Now, it's not until the 1056th pair that the judge finds the first match: --Gen. A-- --Gen. B-- 1023762912 896885216 00111101000001010110000111100000 00110101011101010110000111100000 This change makes the generators much slower, and the judge is getting impatient; it is now only willing to consider 5 million pairs. (Using the values from the example above, after five million pairs, the judge would eventually find a total of 309 pairs that match in their lowest 16 bits.) After 5 million pairs, but using this new generator logic, what is the judge's final count? Your puzzle answer was 306. Both parts of this puzzle are complete! They provide two gold stars: **