### view 2017/day25/problem @ 35:1d99d733cf13defaulttip@

day08: replace static foreach with workaround
author Jordi Gutiérrez Hermoso Tue, 16 Jan 2018 11:28:55 -0500 049fb8e56025
line wrap: on
line source
```
--- Day 25: The Halting Problem ---

Following the twisty passageways deeper and deeper into the CPU, you
finally reach the core of the computer. Here, in the expansive central
chamber, you find a grand apparatus that fills the entire room,

You had always imagined CPUs to be noisy, chaotic places, bustling
with activity. Instead, the room is quiet, motionless, and dark.

Suddenly, you and the CPU's garbage collector startle each other.
"It's not often we get many visitors here!", he says. You inquire

"It stopped milliseconds ago; not sure why. I'm a garbage collector,
not a doctor." You ask what the machine is for.

"Programs these days, don't know their origins. That's the Turing
machine! It's what makes the whole computer work." You try to explain
that Turing machines are merely models of computation, but he cuts you
off. "No, see, that's just what they want you to think. Ultimately,
inside every CPU, there's a Turing machine driving the whole thing!
Too bad this one's broken. We're doomed!"

You ask how you can help. "Well, unfortunately, the only way to get
the computer running again would be to create a whole new Turing
machine from scratch, but there's no way you can-" He notices the look
on your face, gives you a curious glance, shrugs, and goes back to
sweeping the floor.

You find the Turing machine blueprints (your puzzle input) on a tablet
in a nearby pile of debris. Looking back up at the broken Turing
machine above, you can start to identify its parts:

A tape which contains 0 repeated infinitely to the left and right.

A cursor, which can move left or right along the tape and read or
write values at its current position.

A set of states, each containing rules about what to do based on
the current value under the cursor.

Each slot on the tape has two possible values: 0 (the starting value
for all slots) and 1. Based on whether the cursor is pointing at a 0
or a 1, the current state says what value to write at the current
position of the cursor, whether to move the cursor left or right one
slot, and which state to use next.

For example, suppose you found the following blueprint:

Begin in state A.
Perform a diagnostic checksum after 6 steps.

In state A:
If the current value is 0:
- Write the value 1.
- Move one slot to the right.
- Continue with state B.
If the current value is 1:
- Write the value 0.
- Move one slot to the left.
- Continue with state B.

In state B:
If the current value is 0:
- Write the value 1.
- Move one slot to the left.
- Continue with state A.
If the current value is 1:
- Write the value 1.
- Move one slot to the right.
- Continue with state A.

Running it until the number of steps required to take the listed
diagnostic checksum would result in the following tape configurations
(with the cursor marked in square brackets):

... 0  0  0 [0] 0  0 ... (before any steps; about to run state A)
... 0  0  0  1 [0] 0 ... (after 1 step;     about to run state B)
... 0  0  0 [1] 1  0 ... (after 2 steps;    about to run state A)
... 0  0 [0] 0  1  0 ... (after 3 steps;    about to run state B)
... 0 [0] 1  0  1  0 ... (after 4 steps;    about to run state A)
... 0  1 [1] 0  1  0 ... (after 5 steps;    about to run state B)
... 0  1  1 [0] 1  0 ... (after 6 steps;    about to run state A)

The CPU can confirm that the Turing machine is working by taking a
diagnostic checksum after a specific number of steps (given in the
blueprint). Once the specified number of steps have been executed, the
Turing machine should pause; once it does, count the number of times 1
appears on the tape. In the above example, the diagnostic checksum is
3.

Recreate the Turing machine and save the computer! What is the
diagnostic checksum it produces once it's working again?

--- Part Two ---

The Turing machine, and soon the entire computer, springs back to
life. A console glows dimly nearby, awaiting your command.

> reboot printer
Error: That command requires priority 50. You currently have priority 0.
You must deposit 50 stars to increase your priority to the required level.

The console flickers for a moment, and then prints another message:

Star accepted.
You must deposit 49 stars to increase your priority to the required level.

The garbage collector winks at you, then continues sweeping.

If you like, you can [Reboot the Printer Again].

Both parts of this puzzle are complete! They provide two gold stars: **
```